Quoi sommes-nous?

Qu’est-ce la BMT asbl ?
L’Association de Musicothérapie asbl a été fondée en mars 1998 sous l’impulsion du quatrième Congrès Européen de Musicothérapie, organisé en collaboration avec l’ European Music Therapy Confederation (EMTC), tenu la même année à Louvain.

L’association a pour but de réunir et de soutenir les musicothérapeutes professionnels de Belgique. Les statuts de la BMT asbl sont basés sur les statuts de l’EMTC et définissent les conditions d’accès. Par leur adhésion les membres souscrivent aux statuts et au code éthique annexe. Le texte des statuts peut être obtenu auprès de la BMT asbl. BMT asbl se propose d’établir un registre de musicothérapeutes reconnus. Selon le diplôme, le nombre d’heures d’expérience professionnelle, la supervision et l’expérience clinique, on sera inscrit comme membre étudiant, candidat membre, membre à part entière ou superviseur. Seuls les musicothérapeutes possédant un diplôme de Master en Musicothérapie pourront devenir membre à part entière de la BMT asbl.

BMT asbl a pour mission de négocier avec les pouvoirs publics les conditions d’agrément de la profession. Dans ce cadre, l’enregistrement des musicothérapeutes diplômés joue un rôle important, ainsi que notre collaboration avec l’EMTC, plus spécifiquement avec la Commission Européenne d’ Enregistrement de Musicothérapeutes (EMTR), et avec la formation de Master en Musicothérapie.

BMT asbl fournit aussi une assistance juridique à ses membres.

Certains de nos membres bénéficient du statut de travailleurs indépendants. Afin de leur garantir un soutien professionnel et de certifier en même temps la conformité et la qualité des services, une Commission pour Indépendants a été créée.

BMT asbl a aussi créé une Commission d’Ethique. Celle-ci surveillera l’exécution correcte de la procédure des plaintes établie par BMT asbl afin de garantir la qualité du travail d’accompagnement thérapeutique des membres enregistrés et la protection de leurs clients.

BMT asbl envoie à ses membres un périodique semestriel, la ‘Tijdschrift voor Muziektherapie’, et organise une Assemblée Générale annuelle. Sous l’impulsion et avec l’appui financier de la BMT asbl, plusieurs groupements régionaux d’intervision auxquels les membres peuvent prendre part, sont organisés sous la surveillance de superviseurs qualifiés et expérimentés. BMT asbl investit dans son site (www.muziektherapie.net), entretient des contacts avec les superviseurs régionaux et internationaux et stimule la participation aux congres

En tant que membre de la Confédération Européenne de Musicothérapie (European Music Therapy Confederation / EMTC) BMT asbl joue un rôle important au niveau européen. La direction de la BMT asbl envoie un délégué élu pour la représenter aux réunions de l’EMTC.

BMT asbl se porte garant de la qualité professionnelle de ses membres. Elle programme des stages de formation, des ateliers, des conférences et l’élaboration d’un réseau de supervision des groupements. Elle stimule la littérature par la publication de sa revue semestrielle et collabore avec la Faculté de Musique, Art Dramatique et Enseignement de LUCA School of Arts, campus Lemmensinsituut.

La promotion de la recherche scientifique est un objectif important de la BMT asbl. Il est essentiel de suivre attentivement les évolutions récentes dans le domaine de la musicothérapie. La Belgique ne compte qu’un seul docteur en musicothérapie, le professeur Jos De Backer. D’autres jeunes musicothérapeutes suivent ses traces. BMT asbl encourage ses membres à pousser plus loin les recherches, à écrire des articles scientifiques, à rechercher des contacts à l’étranger et à consulter les bases de données internationales.

 

Qu'est-ce la musicothérapie ?

La musicothérapie connait, dépendant du pays où la discipline est exercée et de la formation qui est proposée, différentes définitions. Ci-dessous vous trouverez entre autres la définition de la musicothérapie comme elle est pratiquée en Belqique, mais également des définitions d'autres pays européens. De cette façon nous essayons de vous procurer une image plus complète de la signification de la musicothérapie en Belgique tant qu'à travers l'Europe.

België

“Music therapy in Belgium can be defined as a form of psychotherapy with a focus on a musical, form-giving exchange between therapist and patient, undertaken during musical improvisations or via listening to music. The therapeutic frame of thinking for this exchange is psychodynamic. It is based on psychological theory describing mental structures and processes such as found in the work of Freud (1925), Winnicott (1971), Klein (1948) and Bion (1962). This describes a therapeutic frame that makes use of specific psychoanalytic phenomena and interventions, such as transference, countertransference, holding, containment, projective identification, free-floating attention and reverie. These are important psychoanalytic concepts that sit beside specific music therapeutic phenomena such as therapeutic provocation, anticipating inner silence, musical reverie, post-resonation (De Backer 2008). All these phenomena are ways of describing how one person may interact with another, and also where interaction changes and becomes relationship. The therapeutic relationship between patient(s) and therapists(s) is at the center of this thinking. In music psychotherapy it involves a process that relies on musical improvisation played by the patient and the music therapist. If the patient is not in a position to participate actively in the improvisation, we maintain that the musical improvisation is still present because treatment begins from the affective resonance of the patient. We believe that music takes place at the same level as the trauma experienced by the patient and thus is an ideal modality for treatment in this way.” (De Backer, 2010)

Austria
“Within the Music Therapy Law, music therapy is defined as an autonomous, scientific-artistic-creative and expressive therapeutic approach. It is the conscious and intentional treatment of people suffering from emotional, somatic, mental or social behaviour disorders and diseases, by employing musical media within a therapeutic relationship between one or more clients and one or more therapists with the following aims:
to prevent, reduce or remove symptoms,
to change behaviours or attitudes in need of treatment,
to support and maintain or to restore the clients development, maturation and health.
Music therapy is indicated in the fields of health prevention, treatment of acute and chronic diseases, rehabilitation, encouragement of social competences including supervision, as well as training and research” (Mössler 2008)

Bulgaria
“Music therapy is an approach in psychotherapy in which music and musical improvisation are applied for intentional mediation of the body-mind-emotion connection in the process of experiencing and awakening to the consciousness of experiences, aiming at bringing positiveness, health and personal development .“

Germany
“Music therapy is the systematic use of music within a therapeutic relationship which aims at restoring, maintaining and furthering emotional, physical and mental health. Music therapy is a practice-oriented scientific discipline which is closely connected to other scientific disciplines, especially medicine, social sciences, psychology, musicology and pedagogy. Music therapy is an overarching term for different music therapy concepts which are psychotherapeutic in nature, in contrast to pharmacological and physical therapies. Different music therapy methods are respectively based on different psychological, psychotherapeutic or philosophical traditions, such as depth psychology, behaviourism, systemic, anthroposophical or holistic-humanistic approaches.”
(Kasseler Thesis of Music Therapy, 1998)

Iceland
"Music therapy is the structured use of music, sound and movement to obtain therapeutic goals aimed at the restoration, maintenance, and development of mental, physical, and emotional health. In a systematic manner, a specially trained individual uses the properties and unique potentials of music and sound, and the relationship that develops through musical experiences to alter human behavior, to assist the individual to use his fullest potential, to communicate his uniqueness and to increase his well-being."

Letvia
“Music therapy is the scientific application of music for therapeutic purposes (Strobel, Huppman, 1991); it is the application of music and tools of its expression (sound, rhythm, melody, harmony, dynamics, etc.) in either individual or group relationships between a music therapist and a patient/client with the purpose of establishing and advancing relationships, communication, learning, cognition, mobility, expression, activity, or physical, mental and social health of an individual, thus encouraging their potential development and /or rejuvenation of functions and achieving a better quality of life.”

Lithuania
„Music therapy is a health care profession carried out by the qualified music therapist, helping people to improve (to maintain, restore, enhance) health through the use of music/ musical communication and the therapeutic relationship. Music therapy is an interdisciplinary profession that integrates music therapy, music, medicine, psychology, psychotherapy, special education and social work disciplines of knowledge and practice issues.
Music therapist - a person, in accordance with the requirements of formal music therapist who has acquired professional qualifications and meeting the requirements. The music therapist is a health care professional.”

Luxemburg
„Music therapy consists in using music to further, to develop and to re-establish people’s physical and mental balance. It mobilises resources and its aim is to optimise the quality of life through dealing with problems on a different level or through supporting a healing process. As a non-verbal means of expression and communication, music appeals to people’s emotions; it stimulates cognitive as well as social and creative abilities, which will in turn allow the person to deal with the conflicts and challenges in life.
Due to the different parameters of music, music therapy, whether active and/or receptive, generates intra-psychic and relational processes. According to the respective need, a qualified music therapist approaches these processes in verbal or non-verbal, in individual or group therapy sessions.
Music therapy is a form of psychotherapy. Depending on the various schools and on the music therapist’s own training, the methods used will be based on psychodynamic, behavioural, systemic, holistic-humanist and integrative concepts.”

The Netherlands
 “Music therapy is a methodical form of treatment in which musical means within a therapeutic relationship is managed, to establish change, development, stabilization and acceptation  on an emotional, behavioral, cognitive, social or physical level.”

Serbia
„Music Therapy:  Procedures which include using of music which is prepared  to increase and /or sustain  physical, emotional, psychosocial, behavioral, sensitive, cognitive, communicative, cultural, spiritual. developmental, musical and/or related  needs of client defined during process of examination/evaluation.  It excludes as techniques: behavioral,  cognitive-behavioral and psychodynamic therapies.”

Switzerland
“In general music therapy is seen as an expression oriented psychodynamic treatment containing different methods. They have in common the use of musical elements (including breath- and body perception) within the therapeutic relationship to restore, preserve and promote psychic, mental and physical health.”  In addition, referring to Kasseler Thesis of Music Therapy, Germany (1998)

United Kingdom
“Music plays an important role in our everyday lives. It can be exciting or calming, joyful or poignant, can stir memories and powerfully resonate with our feelings, helping us to express them and to communicate with others.
Music therapy uses these qualities and the musical components of rhythm, melody and tonality to provide a means of relating within a therapeutic relationship. In music therapy, people work with a wide range of accessible instruments and their voices to create a musical language which reflects their emotional and physical condition; this enables them to build connections with their inner selves and with others around them.
Music therapists support the client’s communications with a bespoke combination of improvised or pre-composed instrumental music and voice, either sung or spoken. Individual and group sessions are provided in many settings such as hospitals, schools, hospices and care homes, and the therapist’s approach is informed by different theoretical frameworks, depending on their training and the health needs which are to be met.”

Estonia, Greece, Hungria and Italy
Les pays suivants se réfèrent à la définition de la WFMT (1996): „Music Therapy is the use of music and/or it’s musical elements (sound, rhythm, melody and harmony) by a qualified music therapist, with a client or group, in a process designed to facilitate and promote communication, relationships, learning, mobilization, expression, organization and other relevant therapeutic objectives, in order to meet physical, emotional, mental, social and cognitive needs. Music Therapy aims to develop potentials and/or restore functions of the individual so that he or she can achieve better intrapersonal and/or interpersonal integration and, consequently, a better quality of life, through prevention, rehabilitation or treatment.”

Collected by M.Nöcker-Ribaupierre 2013